Chapter

Interventions

Cigdem Kagitcibasi and Pia R. Britto

in Pathways to Peace

Published by The MIT Press

Published in print December 2014 | ISBN: 9780262027984
Published online May 2015 | e-ISBN: 9780262321181 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7551/mitpress/9780262027984.003.0016
Interventions

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Early childhood interventions are implemented to make a difference in people’s lives, but demonstrating how they have worked is a challenge. Because many reported programs are conducted in high-income countries, results are neither representative nor balanced. This chapter reviews evidence obtained from a range of early childhood interventions designed to reduce violence and build peace, and the outcomes that were achieved in children and parents. Classic longitudinal as well as more nascent early childhood interventions are analyzed using a broad framework. These interventions focus on young children and families and are associated with peaceful outcomes at individual, family, and community levels. The mechanisms by which benefits contribute to the peaceful outcomes are unclear. However, at child and family levels, these outcomes are predictors of reduced violence and a culture of peace in adulthood. It is suggested that early experiences pave the way to positive outcomes later in life, and thus early interventions are important. Programmatic and policy-level strategies are proposed to link peacebuilding with early childhood behavior, and a call is made to improve the direct measurement of peace promotion outcomes. Published in the Strungmann Forum Reports Series.

Keywords: early childhood interventions; violence mitigation; peacemaking; peacebuilding

Chapter.  7056 words. 

Subjects: Developmental Psychology

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