Necessary Luxuries

Matt Erlin

Published by Cornell University Press

Published in print June 2014 | ISBN: 9780801453045
Published online August 2016 | e-ISBN: 9780801470431
Necessary Luxuries

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The consumer revolution of the eighteenth century brought new and exotic commodities to Europe from abroad—coffee, tea, spices, and new textiles to name a few. Yet one of the most widely distributed luxury commodities in the period was not new at all, and was produced locally—the book. This book considers books and the culture around books during this period, focusing specifically on Germany where literature, and the fine arts in general, were the subject of soul-searching debates over the legitimacy of luxury in the modern world. Building on recent work done in the fields of consumption studies as well as the New Economic Criticism, the book combines intellectual-historical chapters (on luxury as a concept, luxury editions, and concerns about addictive reading) with contextualized close readings of novels by Joachim Heinrich Campe, Wieland, Karl Philipp Moritz, Novalis, and Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. It demonstrates that artists in this period were deeply concerned with their status as luxury producers. The rhetorical strategies they developed to justify their activities evolved in dialogue with more general discussions regarding new forms of discretionary consumption. By emphasizing the fragile legitimacy of the fine arts in the period, the book offers a fresh perspective on the broader trajectory of German literature in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, one that allows us to view the entire period in terms of a dynamic unity, rather than simply as a series of literary trends and countertrends.

Keywords: consumer revolution; books; German literature; fine arts; consumption; luxury; Joachim Heinrich Campe; Wieland; Karl Philipp Moritz; Johann Wolfgang von Goethe

Book.  328 pages.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Literature

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