F. P. Ramsey’s objections to the universal/particular distinction, especially as advocated by Bertrand Russell, are examined in depth and rebutted. At the same time, certain important lessons are drawn from his arguments concerning how best to articulate the distinction. In response to related arguments recently directed against the four-category ontology by Fraser MacBride, it is shown how each of the four categories can be uniquely identified in terms of the characteristic pattern of ontological dependence relations that its members bear to members of other ontological categories.
Keywords: categories; Fraser MacBride; ontological dependence; particulars; F. P. Ramsey; Bertrand Russell; universals
Chapter. 8433 words. Illustrated.
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