(1855–1931), biblical scholar. He was educated at Queen's College, Belfast, and Trinity College, Dublin. After some years as a parish priest in London and in research at Oxford, he became professor of Biblical Greek at Dublin in 1898. From 1906 to 1913 he was again in Oxford. In 1913 he became Canon, and in 1919 Archdeacon, of Westminster. In matters of Jewish eschatology and apocalyptic he was the greatest authority of his day, and produced numerous scholarly editions of texts, including the Book of Enoch (1893, 1912), the Book of Jubilees (1895), The Apocalypse of Baruch (1896), and The Testaments of the XII Patriarchs (1908). General surveys and conclusions of his researches were embodied in A Critical History of the Doctrine of a Future Life…, or Hebrew, Jewish, and Christian Eschatology (1899; 2nd edn., 1913) and Religious Development between the Old and the New Testaments (1914). He is best known to non-specialist readers for The Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha of the Old Testament (2 vols, 1913), a comprehensive corpus of texts in English translation, with introductions and notes, until recently the standard reference work of its kind.
From The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church in Oxford Reference.