(b Brooklyn, NY, 1 Nov 1878; d New York, 3 Feb 1934). American mezzo-soprano. She studied with Francesco Fanciulli and Adeline Murio-Celli in New York and sang for Jean De Reszke, who arranged for her to sing at the Metropolitan Opera. During the 1899–1900 season she performed Rossweisse and Amneris. She went to Paris for further studies with Angelo Tabadello and at Turin in 1902 sang Brünnhilde, Ortrud, Venus, Dalila and Amneris. From 1904 to 1908 she sang regularly at Covent Garden. At La Scala she created the role of Candia in Alberto Franchetti's La figlia di Iorio in 1906; she also sang in the first performances there of The Queen of Spades (1906), Salome (1906) and Elektra (1909). She claimed to be the first American singer to perform at Bayreuth, during the 1908 season. From 1906 to 1908 she was a leading singer at Oscar Hammerstein's Manhattan Opera House and then appeared with the Chicago-Philadelphia Opera Company until 1916. In 1911 she performed in London and Australia with the Melba Opera Company. She continued to sing, mostly in Europe, into the 1920s, but after making tours on behalf of the war effort during World War I her career suffered. With a large, statuesque bearing and a voice of remarkable volume and range, she was able to sing such dramatic soprano roles as Santuzza, Gioconda and Kundry, as well as mezzo-soprano and alto roles including Carmen, Laura (La Gioconda), Urbain (Les Huguenots) and Azucena.
From The Grove Book of Opera Singers in Oxford Reference.