king of ‘Scotland’ (1005–34). Son of Kenneth II, Malcolm was known to later generations as ‘the most victorious’. His career was not always so, however. He became king in 1005 by killing his first cousin Kenneth III at Monzievaird (west of Perth), and in the following year invaded northern England as far as Durham, but was thoroughly defeated. Despite this reverse he successfully re‐established control over Lothian by a famous victory at Carham (west of Berwick) in 1018. He could not escape the power of Cnut, however, and submitted to him in 1031/2.
Subjects: British History.