Belgian cyclist who has won more races than any other rider in history.
Born at Woluwe St Pierre, near Brussels, Merckx established his reputation in 1964 by becoming World Amateur Road Race Champion. In 1969 he won the major prizes of the Tour de France in all three sections – overall, points classification, and ‘King of the Mountains’. Merckx won the Tour de France again in 1970, 1971, 1972, and 1974, setting a record as a five-times winner that is shared by only three other riders. Merckx also won the Tour of Italy five times and the Milan-San Remo classic seven times. He was World Professional Road Race Champion three times. By the time he retired in 1978 – to set up his own bicycle manufacturing company – Merckx had won a record 445 victories.
Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945).