Journal Article

Acceptable short-term results after endovascular repair of diseases of the thoracic aorta in high risk patients

Kirsten Krohg-Sørensen, Geir Hafsahl, Erik Fosse and Odd R. Geiran

in European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery

Published on behalf of European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery

Volume 24, issue 3, pages 379-387
Published in print September 2003 | ISSN: 1010-7940
Published online September 2003 | e-ISSN: 1873-734X | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1010-7940(03)00330-0
Acceptable short-term results after endovascular repair of diseases of the thoracic aorta in high risk patients

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  • Cardiothoracic Surgery
  • Anatomy
  • Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Surgery

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Objective: To report our experience with endovascular stentgraft repair of diseases of the descending thoracic aorta in high risk patients. Methods: Twenty-one procedures were performed in 20 patients (10 women), aged 22–81 years, for disease of the descending thoracic aorta with the Gore Excluder thoracic endoprosthesis™ (WL Gore) (n=11) and the Talent LPS Stent Graft System (Medtronic AVE) (n=10). All patients were considered high operative risk. Diagnoses included saccular aneurysm, aneurysm rupture, mycotic aneurysm, penetrating atherosclerotic ulcer, aortic dissection and aortitis. The access vessels were a tube graft of the (thoraco-) abdominal aorta (n=4), the common iliac (n=6) and the common femoral artery (n=11). Several patients needed major cardiovascular surgery for concomitant disease during the same stay. Computed tomography scan and chest X-ray was performed at 3 and 6 months and thereafter every sixth month postoperatively. Results: Two patients died. One had a colon perforation 8 days postoperatively and died after 3.5 months, and the other with preoperative sepsis and a mycotic aneurysm died on day 11 from cardiac and renal failure. In one patient the stentgraft dislocated during release, and an additional stentgraft had to be implanted 1 week later to treat the proximal leak. In another patient the stentgraft could not be released from the introducer, and was pulled back to the aortic bifurcation and retrieved through laparotomy. Eighteen patients have been followed for 1–24 months, and no migration, wire fractures or endoleak have been seen. There were no neurologic complications. One patient treated for infected pseudoaneurysm had a chronic graft infection. Conclusion: In this small number of patients with high operative risk, short-term results of endovascular stentgraft repair of variable diseases of the descending aorta have been satisfactory. Stentgraft repair could be a valuable supplement to surgery for patients with complex multilevel or multiorgan disease.

Keywords: Endovascular treatment; Aortic disease

Journal Article.  3430 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Cardiothoracic Surgery ; Anatomy ; Cardiovascular Medicine ; Surgery

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