Journal Article

Sodium stibogluconate-sensitive visceral leishmaniasis in the non-endemic hilly region of Uttarakhand, India

S.K. Verma, Sohaib Ahmad, Nadia Shirazi, Anuradha Kusum, R.M. Kaushik and S.P. Barthwal

in Transactions of The Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene

Published on behalf of Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene

Volume 101, issue 7, pages 730-732
Published in print July 2007 | ISSN: 0035-9203
Published online July 2007 | e-ISSN: 1878-3503 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.trstmh.2007.02.008
Sodium stibogluconate-sensitive visceral leishmaniasis in the non-endemic hilly region of Uttarakhand, India

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Summary

Although visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is endemic in various parts of India, mainly Bihar, West Bengal and Orissa, and neighbouring countries such as Nepal and Bangladesh, it is rarely reported from the hilly areas of India. We report on nine male VL cases from the non-endemic Garhwal region of Uttarakhand who were treated successfully with sodium stibogluconate. We conclude that sodium stibogluconate-sensitive VL is emerging in this region and that urgent and effective vector control measures may be warranted to prevent the disease from becoming a major health problem and to ensure that resistance to sodium stibogluconate does not emerge.

Keywords: Visceral leishmaniasis; Sodium stibogluconate; Drug resistance; Diagnosis; Epidemiology; India

Journal Article.  854 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Clinical Medicine ; Infectious Diseases ; Immunology ; Medical Microbiology and Virology ; Public Health and Epidemiology

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