Journal Article

Sapporo Virus: History and Recent Findings

Shunzo Chiba, Shuji Nakata, Kazuko Numata-Kinoshita and Shinjiro Honma

in The Journal of Infectious Diseases

Published on behalf of Infectious Diseases Society of America

Volume 181, issue Supplement_2, pages S303-S308
Published in print May 2000 | ISSN: 0022-1899
Published online May 2000 | e-ISSN: 1537-6613 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1086/315574
Sapporo Virus: History and Recent Findings

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Morphologically distinct caliciviruses of human origin were first found in stools of children with gastroenteritis in 1976. Sapporo virus, or human calicivirus Sapporo, with typical surface morphology was first detected during a gastroenteritis outbreak in a home for infants in Sapporo, Japan, in 1977. Since then, morphologically and antigenically identical virus has been detected frequently in the same institution in association with outbreaks of gastroenteritis. Sapporo virus is widely distributed worldwide, as evidenced by the appearance of antigenically or genetically similar viruses and seroepidemiologic findings. Sapporo virus plays an important role in outbreaks of infantile gastroenteritis and is less important in foodborne outbreaks. Sapporo virus has been approved as the type species of the genus “Sapporo-like viruses” in the family Caliciviridae. The history of and recent findings, as obtained by newly developed techniques, about Sapporo viruses are presented.

Journal Article.  3479 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Infectious Diseases ; Immunology ; Public Health and Epidemiology ; Microbiology

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