Reference Entry

Union Army, African Americans in

Barton A. Myers

in Encyclopedia of African American History, 1619-1895: From the Colonial Period to the Age of Frederick Douglass

Published in print January 2006 | ISBN: 9780195167771
Union Army, African Americans in

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Black Americans fought in virtually every war of the early Republic, but not until the Civil War were black regiments formally recognized, sanctioned, and mustered into service by the United States government. On 17 July 1862 Congress empowered President Abraham Lincoln to allow enrollment into the U.S. army of all African Americans, free or enslaved, needed to put down the Confederate rebellion. The commander in chief was hesitant to call up black troops, however, until the action was necessitated by the manpower shortages and dim battlefield prospects experienced by the Union...

Reference Entry.  1292 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: History

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