Reference Entry

Black Soldiers in the Union Army

in Atlas of the Civil War

Published in print January 2004 | ISBN: 9780195221312
Black Soldiers in the Union Army

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Union victory in the Civil War would have been impossible without black soldiers. By the end of the war, there were 166 African American regiments totaling 179,000 black soldiers and 10,000 black sailors fighting for the Union. In the North, a remarkable 82 percent of eligible African Americans enlisted in the Union army; 57 percent in the Border States enlisted; and 21 percent of eligible slaves in the South enlisted. Louisiana in particular saw heavy enlistment of black soldiers, but also suffered grave casualties: 45 percent of the Ninth Louisiana (the Fifth U.S. Colored Troops Heavy Artillery) were killed or wounded in action. This was the highest proportional loss of any regiment of the Civil War.©Cartographica Ltd.

Reference Entry.  128 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: History

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