“Foreign Hostile Forces”

Sarah McKune

in China and Cybersecurity

Published in print May 2015 | ISBN: 9780190201265
Published online April 2015 | e-ISBN: 9780190201302 | DOI:
“Foreign Hostile Forces”

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This chapter examines China’s activity in and policies concerning cyberspace from a human rights-based perspective. The Chinese Communist Party considers the propagation or assertion of “Western” ideologies and “universal” values, including human rights principles, in China as a calculated effort of “foreign hostile forces” and “internal dissidents” to challenge its authority. With respect to cyberspace, this reality has translated into robust online content control measures in the domestic space, measures to limit foreign influence through digital means in China, and negative impacts on the security of the international cyber environment as a whole.

Keywords: human rights; cybersecurity; China; foreign hostile forces; cyber exploitation; propaganda; Internet control; Internet politics; international norms

Chapter.  12652 words. 

Subjects: International Economics

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