Chapter

Jihadism, Sectarianism and Talibanism

Christophe Jaffrelot

in The Pakistan Paradox

Published in print August 2015 | ISBN: 9780190235185
Published online May 2016 | e-ISBN: 9780190492229 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190235185.003.0010
Jihadism, Sectarianism and Talibanism

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In the 1980s, the rise of sectarianism resulted in a new form of conflict between Shias and Sunnis. At the same time, the anti Soviet jihad in Afghanistan was the crucible of new Islamist groups, which in the 1990s started to fight in Jammu and Kashmir with the support of the Pakistani army. While Pakistan helped the Taliban to take power in Afghanistan, they had to abandon them after the 11 September 2001 (9/11) attacks in the US under pressures from Washington. Musharraf had to fight some Islamist groups, but tried to spare others.

Keywords: Afghan jihad; 9/11; sectarianism; Pakistan; Musharraf; Kashmir; Al Qaeda; Islamist; Taliban; ISI

Chapter.  25131 words. 

Subjects: Comparative Politics

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