Chapter

Voluntarism and the Rise of Advocacy

Carol L. M. Caton

in The Open Door

Published in print May 2017 | ISBN: 9780190463380
Published online April 2017 | e-ISBN: 9780190463410 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190463380.003.0002
Voluntarism and the Rise of Advocacy

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Throughout the 1970s and early 1980s, the public response to homelessness was local. In some communities, voluntarism surged, and charitable organizations provided food, clothing, and blankets to people living in public spaces. Church basements and unused public buildings were hastily transformed to house the throngs of people seeking shelter. With the numbers of street dwellers increasing, and no organized effort by governmental agencies to address the problem of homelessness, the concerns of ordinary citizens spurred the transformation from voluntarism to advocacy. This chapter describes the homeless advocacy that developed in 1980 in Washington, D.C., and New York City to shelter the street homeless, advocacy for federal legislation for homeless shelters and support services in the mid-1980s, and the development of national advocacy organizations, establishing advocacy as an abiding factor in the quest to end homelessness.

Keywords: homeless advocacy; Community for Creative Non-Violence; CCNV; Callahan v. Carey; Coalition for the Homeless; McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act; mentally disturbed street people; media and advocacy

Chapter.  6015 words. 

Subjects: Organizations ; Mental and Behavioural Health

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