Chapter

Chemical Warfare in Yemen

Asher Orkaby

in Beyond the Arab Cold War

Published in print September 2017 | ISBN: 9780190618445
Published online June 2017 | e-ISBN: 9780190618476 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190618445.003.0007

Series: Oxford Studies in International History

Chemical Warfare in Yemen

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Nasser’s “long-breath strategy” from 1966 through the end of 1967 was focused on maintaining the security of the strategic triangle while using fewer troops. Instead, an intensive bombing campaign that included poison gas was used to target the vast royalist cave network in North Yemen. Despite Egypt’s violation of the Geneva Protocols of 1925, the international community failed to condemn the use of chemical weapons, demonstrating the tenacity of the poison gas taboo. Saudi Ambassador Jamil Baroody’s fierce campaign against UN Secretary General U Thant’s inaction failed to persuade the UN to act. The ICRC, NATO, United States, and UK refused to openly criticize Egypt, as they did not want to fall out of favor with Nasser and suffer economic or political repercussions.

Keywords: Chemical Warfare; Poison Gas; Poison Gas Taboo; ICRC; Red Cross; Jamil Baroody; Geneva Protocol of 1925; U Thant

Chapter.  9313 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Asian History ; Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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