Chapter

1891–1893

CHRISTOPHER DUGGAN

in Francesco Crispi 1818-1901

Published in print April 2002 | ISBN: 9780198206118
Published online January 2010 | e-ISBN: 9780191717178 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206118.003.0018
1891–1893

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Francesco Crispi's resignation as Italy's prime minister left him full of rancour. He came to believe that the king and the court had conspired to remove him. However, the scandal of the Banca Romana that was to rock Italy to its foundations would pave the way for his return to power. The radical deputy, Napoleone Colajanni, had secured access to a copy of the Alvisi-Biagini report of 1889. The scandal precipitated a national crisis; a wave of rioting soon swept across the country. The severe recession that had begun in the late 1880s and been exacerbated by the trade war with France, Crispi's heavy defence spending, and the crisis in the banking sector, showed every sign of deepening. With the financial crisis escalating and the situation in Sicily threatening to produce civil war, the clamourings for Crispi became insistent. When the government of Giovanni Giolitti fell from grace, Crispi accepted an invitation to become Minister of the Interior.

Keywords: Francesco Crispi; Italy; France; politics; Banca Romana; Ministry of the Interior; economic recession; financial crisis; Giovanni Giolitti

Chapter.  15111 words. 

Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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