Chapter

A ‘Red Wave’ over Europe

Patrick Emmenegger

in The Power to Dismiss

Published in print October 2014 | ISBN: 9780198709237
Published online December 2014 | e-ISBN: 9780191782732 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198709237.003.0004
A ‘Red Wave’ over Europe

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This chapter analyses the reform of job security regulations from the late 1960s until the mid-1970s, a period during which numerous reforms of job security regulations were enacted in Western Europe. The chapter explains why the labour movement grew increasingly dissatisfied with the post-war order and why it had the power resources to challenge the political and economic elite. Subsequently, it discusses the reforms of job security regulations in eight Western European countries. The chapter shows that the reform of job security regulations was only possible after the labour movement had radicalized its demands and began to challenge the established economic and political order. Facing demands for radical change and a mobilized labour movement, the employers#amp;#x2019; associations and their political allies decided to make a series of concessions, which, however, they tried to reverse as soon as the mobilization of the labour movement began to abate.

Keywords: job security; trade unions; radicalization; mobilization; protest; dismissal; power resources

Chapter.  30822 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Comparative Politics

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