Chapter

Conclusions: Competition across time

Brian MacWhinney

in Competing Motivations in Grammar and Usage

Published in print October 2014 | ISBN: 9780198709848
Published online January 2015 | e-ISBN: 9780191780158 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198709848.003.0022
Conclusions: Competition across time

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Like other biological systems, language emerges as a product of competing motivations that interact at the moment of speaking. These many different motivations are each linked to different timeframes for neural processing, social usage, and consolidation. Functionalist accounts of language usage need to pay increased attention to the ways in which motivations are distributed across timeframes in order to understand how the meshing of motivations at the moment of speaking produces long‐term impacts on speakers and language communities. Adoption of this perspective provides us with ways of integrating the many insights presented in the chapters in the current volume.

Keywords: proliferation; selection; timeframes; emergentism; motives; peaceful coexistence; meshing; rhythm; memory; mimetics; learning; Competition Model; cue validity; rote; combination; analogy; Perspective Hypothesis; item‐based patterns

Chapter.  11244 words. 

Subjects: Semantics ; Psycholinguistics

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