Chapter

Chemical pollutants in the marine environment: causes, effects, and challenges

Catriona K. Macleod, Ruth S. Eriksen, Zanna Chase and Sabine E. Apitz

in Stressors in the Marine Environment

Published in print March 2016 | ISBN: 9780198718826
Published online May 2016 | e-ISBN: 9780191788352 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198718826.003.0013
Chemical pollutants in the marine environment: causes, effects, and challenges

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  • Aquatic Biology
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Chemicals are now commonplace in the marine environment; with chemical pollutants found in every region, from the Arctic to the tropics and from the smallest estuary to the depths of the oceans. The majority of these pollutants are terrestrial in origin, where they originally had some specific benefits and purpose. However, in the marine environment they can often have adverse and quite unexpected impacts. This chapter will discuss the various types of chemical pollutant found in our marine and coastal systems, and consider how those might affect marine fauna, flora, and ecosystem processes. The chapter will also explain the many and varied ways in which these chemicals (intentionally or unintentionally) can find their way into our oceans and coastal habitats. To end, the chapter will address options for management, monitoring, and regulation and highlight knowledge gaps and target areas of research.

Keywords: chemicals; pollutant; management; ecosystem processes; fauna; flora; oceans; coastal habitats

Chapter.  13761 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Aquatic Biology ; Animal Pathology and Diseases

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