Chapter

Idealism, Society, and Community

W. J. Mander

in Idealist Ethics

Published in print February 2016 | ISBN: 9780198748892
Published online January 2016 | e-ISBN: 9780191811548 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198748892.003.0016
Idealism, Society, and Community

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Continuing the discussion of idealist arguments that might be given for concerning oneself with the well-being of others, this chapter examines the British Idealist theory of the organic social whole (focusing on the common good theory of T. H. Green, F. H. Bradley, and Marietta Kies), and the Personal Idealist theory of community (focusing on Josiah Royce and J. M. E. McTaggart). Despite their differing views regarding the metaphysics of community and the ‘separateness of persons’ these two approaches lead to remarkably similar ethical theories, in large part because the Personal Idealists understand the development of distinct moral personality as something conditional upon membership of a community. In each of the cases considered it is demonstrated how it is the thinkers’ idealism that underpins their altruistic or communtarian orientation.

Keywords: T. H. Green; the common good; F. H. Bradley; Marietta Kies; Personal Idealism; community; Royce; McTaggart

Chapter.  7463 words. 

Subjects: Moral Philosophy ; History of Western Philosophy

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