Chapter

The Teaching of Jesus

Peter C. Hodgson

in Lectures on New Testament Theology

Published in print March 2016 | ISBN: 9780198754176
Published online May 2016 | e-ISBN: 9780191815904 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198754176.003.0003
The Teaching of Jesus

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The teaching of Jesus is the foundation and presupposition for all that belongs to the history of the development of Christian consciousness. His teaching is religion, not theology, and he is the founder of a new religion. He does not stand above history as such but is one of its decisive turning points. He is profoundly related to Judaism and appears as a reformer of Judaism. His teaching can be only approximately reconstructed from a critical reading of the Synoptic Gospels, especially Matthew. Baur focuses on three topics: the relation of Jesus’ teaching to the Old Testament and to the Law; his moral and religious teaching (with an emphasis on conscience, righteousness, and the kingdom of God); Jesus’ person and his messianic consciousness (he became aware of his messiahship gradually, with only a premonition of his death).

Keywords: Jesus; Judaism; conscience; righteousness; kingdom of God; Messiah; Son of God

Chapter.  30196 words. 

Subjects: Christian Theology ; Biblical Studies

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