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Military Entrepreneurs and the Spanish Contractor State in the Eighteenth Century

Rafael Torres Sánchez

Published in print July 2016 | ISBN: 9780198784111
Published online August 2016 | e-ISBN: 9780191826702 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198784111.001.0001
Military Entrepreneurs and the Spanish Contractor State in the Eighteenth Century

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This book offers a new slant on the relations between warfare and state construction. Historians looking at how war funding impinged on state development, and how state growth made wars more demanding affairs, have tended to downplay the role of military provisioning entrepreneurs. Written off as corrupt and selfish, these entrepreneurs conflicted with the received view of a rationally growing and modernizing state. This book (or the Spanish case during the eighteenth century) shows that the state–entrepreneur relationship was much more fluid and constant than previously thought. The state was not able to enforce a top-down military supply policy; at the same time it benefited from the entrepreneurs’ collaboration and their shared mercantilist ambitions. The entrepreneurs’ mobilization of Spain’s military supplies was crucial for extending state authority and helped to knit together national and colonial markets. However, the fluid state–entrepreneur relationship gradually became shrouded in privileges and monopolies, not so much driven by ideology or imposed by the entrepreneurs, but rather as an arrangement exploited by the state to boost its control over them, whittling down middlemen and ensuring the solvency and creditworthiness of the chosen few. This arrangement spiralled into a risky interdependence and cramped entrepreneurial competition. The book furnishes new insights into the role of military entrepreneurs in debates about warfare and state construction.

Keywords: state; entrepreneur; military entrepreneur; Spain; eighteenth century

Book.  320 pages.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Early Modern History (1500 to 1700) ; Economic History

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Table of Contents

From the Fiscal-Military State to the Contractor State in Military Entrepreneurs and the Spanish Contractor State in the Eighteenth Century

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Economic Policy and Military Supplies in Military Entrepreneurs and the Spanish Contractor State in the Eighteenth Century

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Public and Private Business in Military Entrepreneurs and the Spanish Contractor State in the Eighteenth Century

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National and State Capitalism in Military Entrepreneurs and the Spanish Contractor State in the Eighteenth Century

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Monopolist Entrepreneurs at the State’s Service in Military Entrepreneurs and the Spanish Contractor State in the Eighteenth Century

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The Fiscal-Naval State in Military Entrepreneurs and the Spanish Contractor State in the Eighteenth Century

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The Paradigm of State Intervention in Military Entrepreneurs and the Spanish Contractor State in the Eighteenth Century

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The Spanish Naval Contractor State and Entrepreneurs in Military Entrepreneurs and the Spanish Contractor State in the Eighteenth Century

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National Market versus International Market in Military Entrepreneurs and the Spanish Contractor State in the Eighteenth Century

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Monopoly versus the Market in Military Entrepreneurs and the Spanish Contractor State in the Eighteenth Century

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