Chapter

From the Fiscal-Military State to the Contractor State

Rafael Torres Sánchez

in Military Entrepreneurs and the Spanish Contractor State in the Eighteenth Century

Published in print July 2016 | ISBN: 9780198784111
Published online August 2016 | e-ISBN: 9780191826702 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198784111.003.0001
From the Fiscal-Military State to the Contractor State

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  • Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
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This chapter serves as a historical introduction to the ongoing debates about the relation between state construction and warfare and the role played therein by entrepreneurs. It works from the concept of the ‘fiscal-military state’, stressing the early modern state’s main function of waging war and raising resources to do so, and tries to understand the recent evolution towards the ‘contractor state’ concept, underlining the importance of the state and its relation with its society and entrepreneurs in the mobilization of resources. The conclusion drawn is that historians have downplayed the entrepreneurs’ role in the relationship between war and state, even arguing that their interests ran counter to those of the state and its paradigmatic rational process of state construction. This historical approach also ushers in the object of the study: the relationship between entrepreneurs and the state regarding mobilization of warfare resources by Spain in the eighteenth century.

Keywords: historiography; military revolution; warfare; entrepreneur; fiscal-military state; contractor state; Spain; eighteenth century

Chapter.  5006 words. 

Subjects: Early Modern History (1500 to 1700) ; Economic History

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