Chapter

Autarkic Large Companies

Robert Kneller

in Bridging Islands

Published in print August 2007 | ISBN: 9780199268801
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191699283 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199268801.003.0002
Autarkic Large Companies

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This chapter explores the tendency of large established Japanese companies to innovate autarkicly, that is, to rely on their own in-house R&D laboratories for new prototype products and to try to maintain control over the upstream components of a vertically integrated value chain. It shows that the major Japanese pharmaceutical companies do innovate autarkicly while major US and European companies rely more on in-licensing from biotechnology companies and, to a lesser extent, universities. It also considers whether large Japanese companies in other industries also innovate autarkicly and looks at collaborations between large companies and universities.

Keywords: Japanese companies; autarkic innovation; product development; research and development

Chapter.  9653 words. 

Subjects: International Business

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