Chapter

Missions and Missiology from the 1760s

Bob Tennant

in Corporate Holiness

Published in print October 2013 | ISBN: 9780199567850
Published online January 2014 | e-ISBN: 9780191747366 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199567850.003.0002
Missions and Missiology from the 1760s

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This chapter surveys the missiology and administration of the SPG in the second half of the eighteenth century. It identifies Joseph Butler as the chief philosophical source of the Society’s doctrine and policy, explores competing definitions of the term ‘missionary’ (characterized as ‘ambassador’ and ‘herald’), with special reference to episcopal charges and the Book of Common Prayer’s ordination service. It discusses theories of conversion, acculturation, and routes out of slavery, using sermons by William Warburton and Richard Terrick as contrasting exemplars. It analyses the SPG’s policy and decision-making processes, including the contribution of the bishops and successive Archbishops of Canterbury. It describes the effect of the American War of Independence on the missions, society income, and policy.

Keywords: Joseph Butler; missionary; conversion; acculturation; American War of Independence; William Warburton; Richard Terrick; SPG; slavery

Chapter.  18969 words. 

Subjects: History of Christianity

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