Chapter

Syntactic variation in spoken French

Nathalie Rossi-Gensane

in Varieties of Spoken French

Published in print July 2016 | ISBN: 9780199573714
Published online October 2016 | e-ISBN: 9780191818011 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573714.003.0007
Syntactic variation in spoken French

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  • Phonetics and Phonology
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This chapter is dedicated to the syntax of spoken French. Section 1, which focuses on ‘orality’, presents some phenomena related to ‘oral’ situational parameters with reference to spoken French: speech production processes, ‘ellipsis’, the use of deictics, and discourse markers. Section 2 considers whether we speak in sentences or not, and examines the use of tenses, moods, and voices in spoken French, the frequent non-use of negative ne, as well as the use of interrogative constructions. Section 3, entitled ‘Between syntax and discourse’, evokes the so-called ‘syntax of spoken French’, and mentions some preferred constructions in spoken French, i.e. left detachment (or dislocation) and presentational structures, before closing with a brief reflection on whether spoken French can be considered as an illustration of syntactic variation.

Keywords: syntax; spoken French; speech production process; deixis; discourse marker; sentence; interrogative construction; left detachment; presentational construction; syntactic variation

Chapter.  8436 words. 

Subjects: Phonetics and Phonology ; Sociolinguistics

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