Book

Nanocomposites with Biodegradable Polymers

Edited by Vikas Mittal

Published in print April 2011 | ISBN: 9780199581924
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191728853 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199581924.001.0001

Series: Monographs on the Physics and Chemistry of Materials

Nanocomposites with Biodegradable Polymers

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Polymer nanocomposites with practically all the commercial polymer matrices have been synthesized and nano-scale filler dispersion has been achieved with varying degrees of success. The commercial polymer nanocomposites studied to a great extent are unfortunately non-biodegradable like polyethylene, polypropylene and polystyrene etc. To a small extent, these nanocomposites are reformed or recycled into other products after one life cycle, however, the properties of such recycled materials are very poor. Therefore, subject of bio-based nanocomposites and biodegradable nanocomposites has become topic of interest in the recent years and a number of suitable bio-based and biodegradable polymer matrices have been developed and their property enhancement have been reported after the incorporation of the inorganic filler materials. These systems include poly(lactic acid), poly(butyl succinate), alginate, cellulosic plastics, gelatine, starch, soy protein based polymers, plant oil based polymers, poly(hydroxyalkanoates), bio based epoxies, etc. Various inorganic filler systems like clay, spherical particles as well as nanotubes have been incorporated in these matrices. The various properties which have been enhanced include mechanical performance, thermal properties, gas diffusion resistance, flammability, rheological performance, biodegradation etc. Though the commercial applications of these bio-nanocomposites are in infancy, but these materials have a huge commercial potential. The book provides the description of the subject as a whole, from the basic introduction to the more specific systems and advancements. The use of such nanocomposites for packaging as well as for sensors has been depicted.

Keywords: biodegradation; exfoliation; dispersion; nanotechnology; mechanical performance; surface modification; montmorillonite; filler

Book.  448 pages.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Condensed Matter Physics

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Table of Contents

Bio-nanocomposites: future high-value materials in Nanocomposites with Biodegradable Polymers

Chapter

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Biodegradation of polymeric systems in Nanocomposites with Biodegradable Polymers

Chapter

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Biodegradable thermoplastic starch/poly (vinyl alcohol) in Nanocomposites with Biodegradable Polymers

Chapter

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Bio-nanocomposites with non-cellulosic biofillers in Nanocomposites with Biodegradable Polymers

Chapter

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Biodegradable poly(butylene succinate)/multi-walled carbon nanotube nanocomposites in Nanocomposites with Biodegradable Polymers

Chapter

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Biodegradable nanocomposites from cellulosic plastics and cellulosic fibre in Nanocomposites with Biodegradable Polymers

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Silica/alginate bio-nanocomposites in Nanocomposites with Biodegradable Polymers

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Bio-based elastomers from soy oil and nanoclay in Nanocomposites with Biodegradable Polymers

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Gelatine-based bio-nanocomposites in Nanocomposites with Biodegradable Polymers

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Bio-nanocomposites based on starch in Nanocomposites with Biodegradable Polymers

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