Book

Brain Imaging

Robert G. Shulman

Published in print May 2013 | ISBN: 9780199838721
Published online May 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780199345373 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199838721.001.0001
Brain Imaging

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Magnetic resonance imaging methods, functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS), have taken a commanding position in brain studies because they allow scientists to follow brain activities in the living human. The ability to measure cerebral anatomy, neuronal firing, and brain metabolism has extended and reinvigorated hopes of understanding the role that brain activity plays in human life. Neuroscientists, measuring brain energies and work by imaging methods, have consciously or unconsciously been incorporating philosophical views into the planning and interpretations of these experiments. This book assumes that behavior is a property only of the person; that the person, not the brain, remembers, intends, or decides. The brain’s role is to help the person perform these actions just as the muscle helps him to lift heavy objects and the liver maintains chemical homeostasis. Origins of the brain’s role in neuroscience are explored in a selective history of relevant philosophies and by examples of successful interdisciplinary experiments. Neuroimaging experiments that relate brain activities to observables, including human behavior, are herein valued above those that conduct futile searches for the neuronal basis of mental processes. In accord with the emphasis on observable behavior, neuroimaging results responsible for two different forms of conscious behavior have been identified and the means of studying them described.

Keywords: brain; imaging; fMRI; MRS; philosophy; psychology; behavior

Book.  182 pages.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Neuropsychology

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Table of Contents

Introduction in Brain Imaging

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Mind and Matter in Brain Imaging

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Biophysics: An Empirical Science in Brain Imaging

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A Philosophical Background in Brain Imaging

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Epilogue. A Life in Humanities and Science in Brain Imaging

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