Reference Entry

lipoprotein

Miquel Porta

Edited by John M. Last

in A Dictionary of Public Health

Second edition


Published online May 2018 | e-ISBN: 9780191844386

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Chemical (biochemical) compound of lipid and protein. Lipoproteins form the cell membrane in most body cells. Some lipoproteins are enzymes, and some play an important role in transporting fats and in cholesterol metabolism. All human cells need fats and cholesterol to build cell membranes and to organize their structure and protein enzymatic systems. Lipoproteins in the blood carry fats around the body. Chylomicrons carry fat from the intestines to the liver and to fatty tissue. Very low density lipoproteins carry synthesized glycerol from the liver to fatty tissue. Low density lipoproteins (“bad cholesterol”) carry cholesterol from the liver to body cells. High density lipoproteins (“good cholesterol”) collect cholesterol from body tissues and return it to the liver....

Reference Entry.  118 words. 

Subjects: Medicine and Health ; Public Health and Epidemiology

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