Reference Entry


Michael Kent

in The Oxford Dictionary of Sports Science & Medicine

Third edition

Published in print January 2006 | ISBN: 9780198568506
Published online January 2007 | e-ISBN: 9780191727788

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Tough and flexible connective tissue that forms the skeleton of an embryo and most of the skeleton of infants. As a child grows, much of the cartilage is converted to bone. Cartilage is characterized by rounded cartilage cells (called chondrocytes) surrounded by mucopolysaccharide matrix (chondrin), which is rich in collagen. Cartilage has no nerves or blood vessels and heals slowly when damaged. There are three main types: hyaline cartilage, fibrocartilage, and white fibrocartilage. The pieces of semi-lunar cartilage found in the knee are called ...

Reference Entry.  86 words. 

Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine

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