Reference Entry

comparative studies

Alan Tomlinson

in A Dictionary of Sports Studies

Published in print January 2010 | ISBN: 9780199213818
Published online January 2010 | e-ISBN: 9780191726859
comparative studies

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Studies which take at least two cases—of, say, a sporting institution—and attempt to show the contrasts and differences in their structure, practices, cultural character, and sociocultural meanings and significance. Take, for instance, the notion of the sports club. This will be differently established in Spain, Britain, and Germany, with different notions of membership and varying legal and economic bases and parameters. But the clarification of difference can point to the specificity of the single, distinctive cases, and so illuminate sport's contribution to community life or the local culture. Indeed, it can be argued that social scientific analysis is by definition comparative, since single cases are rarely studied in total isolation from related or comparable cases. Important comparative work on sport policy and policy communities and networks in Australia, Canada, the Republic of Ireland, the UK, and the USA has been produced by ...

Reference Entry.  305 words. 

Subjects: Sports and Outdoor Recreation

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