Article

Agent-Based Computational Modeling and International Relations Theory: Quo Vadis?

Claudio Cioffi-Revilla

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics


Published online September 2017 | e-ISBN: 9780190228637 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acrefore/9780190228637.013.535

More Like This

Show all results sharing these subjects:

  • Political Methodology
  • International Relations

GO

Show Summary Details

Preview

Agent-based computational modeling (ABM, for short) is a formal and supplementary methodological approach used in international relations (IR) theory and research, based on the general ABM paradigm and computational methodology as applied to IR phenomena. ABM of such phenomena varies according to three fundamental dimensions: scale of organization—spanning foreign policy, international relations, regional systems, and global politics—as well as by geospatial and temporal scales. ABM is part of the broader complexity science paradigm, although ABMs can also be applied without complexity concepts. There have been scores of peer-reviewed publications using ABM to develop IR theory in recent years, based on earlier pioneering work in computational IR that originated in the 1960s that was pre-agent based. Main areas of theory and research using ABM in IR theory include dynamics of polity formation (politogenesis), foreign policy decision making, conflict dynamics, transnational terrorism, and environment impacts such as climate change. Enduring challenges for ABM in IR theory include learning the applicable ABM methodology itself, publishing sufficiently complete models, accumulation of knowledge, evolving new standards and methodology, and the special demands of interdisciplinary research, among others. Besides further development of main themes identified thus far, future research directions include ABM applied to IR in political interaction domains of space and cyber; new integrated models of IR dynamics across domains of land, sea, air, space, and cyber; and world order and long-range models.

Keywords: international relations; IR theory; agent-based modeling ABM; computational modeling; social science methodology; formal models in social science; computer models; object-oriented modeling; empirical international relations theory

Article.  12540 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Political Methodology ; International Relations

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content. subscribe or login to access all content.