Article

Runaway Slave Colonies in the Atlantic World

Tim Lockley

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Latin American History


Published online April 2015 | e-ISBN: 9780199366439 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acrefore/9780199366439.013.5

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  • Caribbean History
  • Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
  • Modern History (1700 to 1945)
  • Slavery and Abolition of Slavery

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Communities of runaway slaves, more commonly known as “Maroon communities,” were created throughout the Americas. Enslaved people ran away from their owners all the time, often just for a few days, but some decided never to return to slavery and instead found permanent (or semi-permanent) refuge from the harsh life on the plantations in swamps, jungles, forests, and mountains. Sometimes in very small groups of less than ten people, but more usually in much larger numbers, maroon communities attempted to live independently, free from white interference. White responses to maroon communities varied over time and included military assaults and peace treaties.

Keywords: maroons; marronage; runaways; resistance; swamps; Jamaica; Surinam; Palenque; Quilombo

Article.  8053 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Caribbean History ; Early Modern History (1500 to 1700) ; Modern History (1700 to 1945) ; Slavery and Abolition of Slavery

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