Article

Jaxartes

Eric Herbert Warmington and Antony Spawforth

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics


Published online December 2015 | e-ISBN: 9780199381135 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acrefore/9780199381135.013.3488

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Asiatic river (mod. Syr Darya, flowing into the Aral Sea). Though known perhaps to *Herodotus (1) by repute, it was discovered by *Alexander (3) the Great, who founded *Alexandria (5) Eschate (Khodzhend) on it. The Greeks thought that it flowed into the Caspian (which perhaps was once true—see caspian sea), and sometimes confused it with the *Araxes (now the Aras).

Article.  123 words. 

Subjects: Middle Eastern History

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