Eric Herbert Warmington and Antony Spawforth

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

Published online March 2016 | e-ISBN: 9780199381135 | DOI:

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Oxus (Ὦξος mod. Amu Darya), central Asian river bounding *Bactria to the south before flowing north-west into the Aral Sea. Known by name to *Herodotus (1) and *Aristotle, it was apparently confused by them with the *Araxes. It was discovered by *Alexander(3) the Great, and some Indian trade was known to come by it, and thence by the *Caspian and the rivers Cyrus and Phasis (see colchis) to the Black (*Euxine) Sea.

Article.  148 words. 

Subjects: Middle Eastern History

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