Article

Phoenix (1– 2), figures of Greek mythology

Ken Dowden

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics


Published online March 2016 | e-ISBN: 9780199381135 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acrefore/9780199381135.013.5043

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Phoenix (1 and 2), eponym and founder of the *Phoenicians, son of Agenor (Eur. fr. 819, Apollod. 3.1.1). In *Homer, Iliad 14. 321, however, he is the father of *Europa; and in *Hesiod (Cat. fr. 138) his wife Cassiepea bears him Cilix, Phineus, and Dorcylus. (2), an ambassador sent by *Agamemnon together with *Odysseus and *Aias to persuade *Achilles to give up his wrath (Iliad 9; otherwise only 16. 96). Phoenix has been appointed by *Peleus to accompany Achilles to *Troy and teach him heroic values. In an extensive and powerful oration, he illuminates Achilles' situation through a story of his own conflict with his father Amyntor over a concubine, leading to his reception by Peleus, and by a story of *Meleager (1)'s withdrawal from fighting in anger at his mother. *Sophocles (1) wrote a Phoenix, as did *Euripides whose influential version accounts for *Apollodorus (6)'s story (3.

Article.  276 words. 

Subjects: Religion in the Ancient World

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