A. Schachter

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

Published online December 2015 | e-ISBN: 9780199381135 | DOI:

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Antiope, mother of *Amphion and Zethus, whom she bore to *Zeus and/or *Epopeus of *Sicyon. In Odyssey 11. 260–2 she is daughter of Asopus. This would locate her firmly in southern *Boeotia, and fits the traditions which give her native town as Hyria (Hes. fr. 181 M–W), the place where she gave birth as Eleutherae (Apollod. 3. 5. 5), and the place where her sons lived before *Thebes (1) as Eutresis (Strabo 9. 2. 28 (411 C)). A second version—related with variations by *Euripides, in Antiope, and *Apollodorus 3. 5. 5—makes her daughter of Nycteus, brother of Lycus (see lycus (1), end). The two brothers, descended from Chthonius, one of the *Spartoi, returned from exile in Hyria when Lycus became regent for Laius. Antiope was impregnated by *Zeus, her father took umbrage, and she fled to Sicyon where she married Epopeus. Nycteus died, Lycus attacked and slew Epopeus, and led Antiope back to Thebes. En route, at Eleutherae, she bore her sons, who were reared by a cattleman.

Article.  384 words. 

Subjects: Religion in the Ancient World

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