Article

Social Exclusion and Inclusion

Karen Lyons and Nathalie Huegler

in Encyclopedia of Social Work

Published by NASW Press and Oxford University Press


Published online October 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780199975839 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acrefore/9780199975839.013.1029

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  • International and Global Issues in Social Work
  • Social Policy and Advocacy
  • Poverty
  • Race and Ethnicity
  • Social Justice and Human Rights

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The term social exclusion achieved widespread use in Europe from the late twentieth century. Its value as a concept that is different from poverty, with universal relevance, has since been debated. It is used in Western literature about international development, and some authors have linked it to the notion of capabilities. However, it is not widely used in the social work vocabulary. Conversely, the notion of social inclusion has gained in usage and application. This links with values that underlie promotion of empowerment and participation, whether of individuals, groups, or communities. Both terms are inextricably linked to the realities of inequalities within and between societies and to the principles of human rights and social justice that feature in the international definition of social work.

Keywords: exclusion; inclusion; poverty; inequalities; empowerment; participation; human rights; social justice

Article.  8851 words. 

Subjects: International and Global Issues in Social Work ; Social Policy and Advocacy ; Poverty ; Race and Ethnicity ; Social Justice and Human Rights

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