Community: Overview

Calvin L. Streeter

in Encyclopedia of Social Work

Published by NASW Press and Oxford University Press

Published online June 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780199975839 | DOI:

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One of the hallmarks of social work is its recognition that people grow and mature in a social context. Communities are one of the many social systems that touch people's lives and shape their individual and group identity. A conceptual overview of community is presented. Social systems, ecological systems, and power/conflict are presented as alternative frameworks for understanding how the social interaction between individuals, groups, and social institutions are patterned within the community. Virtual community is reviewed as a recent phenomenon that may have implications for community in modern society.

Keywords: Gemeinschaft; Gesellschaft; community of interest; social systems; ecological systems; community power; community conflict; virtual community; computer mediated community

Article.  6406 words. 

Subjects: Social Work Macro Practice

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