Article

Bullying in Youth

Jonathan Singer and Karen Slovak

in Encyclopedia of Social Work

Published by NASW Press and Oxford University Press


Published online September 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780199975839 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acrefore/9780199975839.013.862

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  • Child and Adolescent Social Work
  • Human Behaviour and the Social Environment
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  • Social Work Research and Evidence-based Practice

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Bullying is the most common form of violence in schools and has been shown to disrupt the emotional and social development of both the targets and the perpetrators of bullying (Raskauskas & Stoltz, 2007). Bullying can be physical, verbal, relational, and direct or indirect. There are well-established age and sex trends (Olweus, 1993; Smith, Madsen, & Moody, 1999). There has been considerable research on bullying-prevention programs and scholarship on best-practice guidelines for school social workers (Dupper, 2013). An emerging concern is with the use of electronic and Internet devices in bullying, referred to as “cyberbullying.” In this article we define bullying and cyberbullying; discuss risk factors associated with being a bully, a victim, and a bully-victim; describe prevention and intervention programs; and discuss emerging trends in both bullying and cyberbullying.

Keywords: bullying; cyberbullying; peer violence; peer aggression; perpetrator; school social work; victim

Article.  8303 words. 

Subjects: Child and Adolescent Social Work ; Human Behaviour and the Social Environment ; Mental and Behavioural Health ; Social Work Research and Evidence-based Practice

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