Chapter

Emerging virus infections

Dorothy H. Crawford

in Viruses: A Very Short Introduction

Second edition

Published in print March 2018 | ISBN: 9780198811718
Published online March 2018 | e-ISBN: 9780191848520 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/actrade/9780198811718.003.0005

Series: Very Short Introductions

Emerging virus infections

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The term ‘emerging virus infection’ refers to both the emergence of an infectious disease caused by a virus that is new to the species it infects, and to a re-emerging infection, meaning that the disease is increasing in frequency, either in its traditional geographic location or in a new area. ‘Emerging viruses: vertebrate-transmitted viruses’ discusses examples such as swine flu, bird flu, Ebola virus, HIV, and the SARS and MERS coronaviruses. The differing patterns of emerging virus outbreaks depend on viral factors, including incubation period, disease manifestations and method of spread, and important host factors like living conditions, propensity to travel, and the success of any preventive measures.

Keywords: AIDS; dengue fever; Ebola virus; SARS; virus; World Health Organization

Chapter.  4613 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Medical Microbiology and Virology ; Microbiology

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