Ottoman Palestine 1897–1917

in The Palestinian-Israeli Conflict

Published in print August 2013 | ISBN: 9780199603930
Published online September 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780191778179 | DOI:

Series: Very Short Introductions

Ottoman Palestine 1897–1917

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  • Contemporary History (Post 1945)
  • Middle Eastern History


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The first Zionist Congress was formed in August 1897, to discuss Theodor Herzl's nationalist plea to create a new state to be composed mostly of Jews. ‘Ottoman Palestine 1897–1917’ examines the late 19th- and early 20th-century context in which two emerging national communities — Zionist and Palestinian — first collided over their desire for the same piece of land. The selection of 1897 as a start date is significant. Just as European Jews were responding to the nationalist spirit brought about by conditions in 19th-century Europe, so too was the identity of the indigenous Arab population about to be reshaped by the sharpening of a Palestinian consciousness.

Keywords: Congress; Theodor Herzl; Jewish National Fund; Golda Meir; Palestine; Tel Aviv

Chapter.  3485 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945) ; Middle Eastern History

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