Journal Article

Children's Consumption of Fruits and Vegetables: Do School Environment and Policies Affect Choices at School and Away from School?

Ariun Ishdorj, Mary Kay Crepinsek and Helen H. Jensen

in Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy

Published on behalf of Agricultural and Applied Economics Association

Volume 35, issue 2, pages 341-359
Published in print June 2013 | ISSN: 2040-5790
Published online February 2013 | e-ISSN: 2040-5804 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/aepp/ppt003
Children's Consumption of Fruits and Vegetables: Do School Environment and Policies Affect Choices at School and Away from School?

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  • Welfare and Poverty
  • Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables

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School environment and policies may affect children's ability to make healthy food choices both at and away from school. Using data from the third School Nutrition Dietary Assessment Study conducted in 2005 we estimate the effect of environment and policies on children's fruit and vegetable intakes. We use an instrumental variable approach to control for the endogeneity of participation in the National School Lunch Program (NSLP). On an average school day, school lunch participants consume more fruits and vegetables, including relatively more at school and less away from school compared to nonparticipants. Meal policies had little effect on NSLP participation itself. Policies that restrict high fat milks or desserts and restrict the sale of competitive foods are associated with greater fruit and/or vegetable intake at school; some policies affected consumption at home as well.

Keywords: Censoring; Endogeneity; Food assistance; Fruits and vegetables; National School Lunch Program; C34; C36; I38

Journal Article.  7291 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Welfare and Poverty ; Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables

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