Journal Article

Conditional Election and Partisan Cycles in Government Support to the Agricultural Sector: An Empirical Analysis

Jeroen Klomp and Jakob de Haan

in American Journal of Agricultural Economics

Published on behalf of Agricultural and Applied Economics Association

Volume 95, issue 4, pages 793-818
Published in print July 2013 | ISSN: 0002-9092
Published online May 2013 | e-ISSN: 1467-8276 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ajae/aat007
Conditional Election and Partisan Cycles in Government Support to the Agricultural Sector: An Empirical Analysis

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  • National Government Expenditures and Related Policies
  • Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook
  • Agricultural Economics

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We examine the effect of elections and government ideology on public funding to the agricultural sector using a panel model for more than 70 democratic countries from 1975-2009. We find that support for agriculture increases prior to elections, and that right-wing governments redistribute more income to the agricultural sector than left-wing governments. Political cycles are conditional on certain factors; for example, elections have a stronger effect on support under right-wing cabinets. Further, in industrialized countries, the election (partisan) effect is strongest under majoritarian (proportional) electoral systems. In developing countries, the election (partisan) effect is strongest under proportional (majoritarian) electoral systems.

Keywords: public agricultural spending; political budget cycles; government ideology; E62; H50; Q10

Journal Article.  11971 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: National Government Expenditures and Related Policies ; Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook ; Agricultural Economics

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