Reference Entry

Phips, Sir William

Jonathan M. Chu

in American National Biography Online

Published in print January 1999 | ISBN: 9780195082098
Published online February 2000 | e-ISBN: 9780198606697 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/anb/9780198606697.article.0100728
Phips, Sir William

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Phips, Sir William (02 February 1651–18 February 1695), first royal governor of Massachusetts, was born in Woolwich, Maine, the son of James Phips and Mary (maiden name unknown). Apprenticed as a ship’s carpenter, Phips moved to Boston in 1673 to practice his trade. A self-made man, he married Mary Spencer Hull; they adopted one child. After becoming a contractor for the building of ships, his attention turned to the search for sunken treasure off the Bahamas. In 1687 Phips was extremely lucky to discover a large sunken treasure. In appreciation for its share of the find, worth about £30,000, the Crown appointed him provost marshal general, or head of military affairs and peacekeeping, in the Dominion of New England and awarded him a knighthood....

Reference Entry.  1389 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: US Politics ; US Colonial and Revolutionary History ; Colonialism and Imperialism

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