Reference Entry

Pencz, Georges or Georg

in Benezit Dictionary of Artists

ISBN: 9780199773787
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199899913 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/benz/9780199773787.article.B00138223
Pencz, Georges or Georg

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  • Byzantine and Medieval Art (500 CE to 1400)
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German, 16th century, male.

Born c. 1500; died before 17 October 1550, in Leipzig.

Painter, engraver (burin/copper). Religious subjects, allegorical subjects, nudes, portraits. Wall decorations.

Nuremberg School.

While his date and place of birth are not known exactly, Georges Pencz is recorded as having taken out Nuremberg citizenship on 8 August 1523, which implies that he had by then reached adulthood. He may or may not have studied under Albrecht Dürer, but the influence of the latter is unmistakable. However, Pencz was one of many assistants to Dürer while the latter was engaged in the decoration of Nuremberg's town hall in 1521 and he was even entrusted with painting compositions that decorate the south wall.It appears that Pencz was either apprenticed to the Beham brothers or in some way associated with them; when the brothers were banished from Nuremberg on account of their alleged 'atheist and anarchist ways', Pencz was banished alongside them. He initially had considerable difficulty finding work on his return to Nuremberg a short time later, and it is reported that he was finally hired by the city of Nuremberg to restore paintings in public buildings. It is not known whether he worked as an engraver prior to 1535, the date that features on one of his plates, but he travelled to Italy several times after 1529, and that he spent time in both Mantua and Venice. Passavant believes that Pencz took courses in engraving at the college of Marc Antonio Raimondi; further, that he is to be credited with the 'disciple of Raimondi' engraving of the ...

Reference Entry.  1002 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Painting ; Professional Interior Design ; Prints and Printmaking ; 17th-Century Art ; Byzantine and Medieval Art (500 CE to 1400) ; Religious Art ; Christian Art

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