Journal Article

Chronic pain epidemiology and its clinical relevance

O. van Hecke, N. Torrance and B. H. Smith

Edited by L. Colvin and D. J. Rowbotham

in BJA: British Journal of Anaesthesia

Published on behalf of the British Journal of Anaesthesia

Volume 111, issue 1, pages 13-18
Published in print July 2013 | ISSN: 0007-0912
Published online July 2013 | e-ISSN: 1471-6771 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/bja/aet123
Chronic pain epidemiology and its clinical relevance

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Summary

Chronic pain affects ∼20% of the European population and is commoner in women, older people, and with relative deprivation. Its management in the community remains generally unsatisfactory, partly because of lack of evidence for effective interventions. Epidemiological study of chronic pain, through an understanding of its distribution and determinants, can inform the development, targeting, and evaluation of interventions in the general population. This paper reviews current knowledge of risk markers associated with chronic pain and considers how these might inform management and prevention. Risk factors include socio-demographic, clinical, psychological, and biological factors. These are relevant to our understanding of chronic pain mechanisms and the nature of, and responses to, current and future treatments.

Keywords: chronic pain; pain, psychological variables; risk; statistics, epidemiology

Journal Article.  4049 words. 

Subjects: Anaesthetics

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