Journal Article

The great divide: ‘ruralisation’ of poverty in Russia

Christopher J. Gerry, Eugene Nivorozhkin and John A. Rigg

in Cambridge Journal of Economics

Published on behalf of Cambridge Political Economy Society

Volume 32, issue 4, pages 593-607
Published in print July 2008 | ISSN: 0309-166X
Published online January 2008 | e-ISSN: 1464-3545 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/cje/bem052
The great divide: ‘ruralisation’ of poverty in Russia

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  • Welfare and Poverty
  • Other Economic Systems
  • Urban, Rural, and Regional Economics
  • Economic Development

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Using data from the Russian Longitudinal Monitoring Survey for the period 2000–2004 we investigate poverty trends in Russia. We find that urban poverty declines at twice the rate of rural poverty so that by 2004 poverty in Russia had become a largely rural phenomenon for the first time since transition began. This finding does not stem from changing population characteristics or shares, is not dependent on the use of a particular poverty line nor is it driven by the rapid expansions that have occurred in Moscow, St Petersburg or other urban areas. Our findings flesh out those of Ravallion and colleagues, who, in contrast to other regions, ‘find signs’ of a ruralisation of poverty in Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union. We attribute some of the differential to the labour market.

Keywords: Russia; Poverty; Urban; Rural; RLMS; I31; I32; P25; P46; O18

Journal Article.  5133 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Welfare and Poverty ; Other Economic Systems ; Urban, Rural, and Regional Economics ; Economic Development

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