Journal Article

Inflation targeting monetary and fiscal policies in a two-country stock–flow-consistent model

Matthew Greenwood-Nimmo

in Cambridge Journal of Economics

Published on behalf of Cambridge Political Economy Society

Volume 38, issue 4, pages 839-867
Published in print July 2014 | ISSN: 0309-166X
Published online November 2013 | e-ISSN: 1464-3545 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/cje/bet018
Inflation targeting monetary and fiscal policies in a two-country stock–flow-consistent model

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  • Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook
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This paper develops a simple two-country stock–flow-consistent model based on that of Godley and Lavoie. In order to motivate the use of stabilisation policies, persistent inflationary pressure and endogenous economic cycles are introduced into the model. Three scenarios are then simulated: a step decrease in real exports from country B, increased wage pressure in country B and an income tax cut in country A. In all cases, monetary and fiscal policies in isolation enjoy little success, but a combined monetary and fiscal approach to stabilisation proves highly effective. Moreover, the model suggests that the pursuit of autonomous inflation targeting in each country introduces excessive exchange rate volatility relative to an alternative rule in which one central bank takes a leading role in interest rate setting.

Keywords: Open economy; Stock–flow consistency; Inflation targeting; Interaction of monetary and fiscal policies; E61; E63; F41

Journal Article.  11494 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook ; Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance

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